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The opinion states: First, consider the facts as the legislature saw them when it adopted the District statute.As stated by the local council committee that recommended its adoption, the major substantive goal of the District’s handgun restriction is “to reduce the potentiality for gun-related crimes and gun-related deaths from occurring within the District of Columbia.” * A 1994 survey conducted by the U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that Americans use guns to frighten away intruders who are breaking into their homes about 498,000 times per year. * According to the CDC, there were about 18,498 gun-related accidents that resulted in death or an emergency room visit during 2001 (the earliest year such data is available from the CDC). handgun ban was unconstitutional, because it violated the Second Amendment “individual right to keep and bear arms” (more details below). Regarding this decision: * In May 2009, President Obama announced Sonya Sotomayor as his first nominee to the Supreme Court. She was confirmed in a 68–31 Senate vote, with 100% of Democrats voting for her confirmation and 79% of Republicans voting against it. * In May 2010, Obama announced his second nominee to the Supreme Court, Elena Kagan. As a law clerk for Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, Kagan wrote a memo recommending Marshall deny hearing an appeal from a man who was convicted of violating Washington, D. She wrote in the memo: * Gun control proponents have argued and some federal courts have ruled that the Second Amendment does not apply to individual citizens of the United States but only to members of militias, which, they assert, are now the state National Guard units.  In 2002, a federal appeals court panel ruled that “the people” only “have the right to bear arms in the service of the state.” * Gun rights proponents have argued and some federal courts have ruled that the Second Amendment recognizes “an individual right to keep and bear arms.” In 2001, a federal appeals court panel ruled that the Second Amendment “protects the right of individuals, including those not then actually a member of any militia or engaged in active military service or training, to privately possess and bear their own firearms….” * James Madison was the primary author of the Bill of Rights, is known as the “Father of the Constitution” for his central role in its formation, and was one of three authors of the Federalist Papers, a group of essays published in newspapers and books to explain and lobby for ratification of the Constitution.  * In Federalist Paper 46, James Madison addressed the concern that a standing federal army might conduct a coup to take over the nation.Although federal firearms laws apply to both FFLs and private sellers at gun shows, private sellers, unlike FFLs, are under no legal obligation to ask purchasers whether they are legally eligible to buy guns or to verify purchasers’ legal status through background checks. * In the three-year period from October 2003 through September 2006, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) conducted 202 operations at 195 gun shows, leading to 121 arrests and at least 83 convictions. * Right-to-carry laws permit individuals who meet certain “minimally restrictive” criteria (such as completion of a background check and gun safety course) to carry concealed firearms in most public places. Concealed carry holders must also meet the minimum federal requirements for gun ownership as detailed above.* May-issue states vary significantly in the implementation of their laws.
The Chicago Police Department expects to begin publishing these reports again in 2017. someone convicted of or under indictment for a felony punishable by more than one year in prison, someone convicted of a misdemeanor punishable by more than two years in prison, a fugitive from justice, an unlawful user of any controlled substance, someone who has been ruled as mentally defective or has been committed to any mental institution, an illegal alien, someone dishonorably discharged from the military, someone who has renounced his or her U. citizenship, someone subject to certain restraining orders, or someone convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor.    * Under federal law, private individuals are not required to a conduct a background check before selling or transferring a firearm to someone who lives in the same state, but it is illegal and punishable by up to 10 years in prison for a private individual to sell or transfer a firearm while “knowing” or having “reasonable cause to believe” that the recipient falls into one of the prohibited categories above.  * From the inception of the federal background check system in 1998 to 2014, about 202.5 million background checks for gun purchases were processed through the FBI’s background check system.
Of these, 91% of the firearm transactions and 100% of the explosives transactions were allowed. * Under federal law, individuals who have been convicted of a felony offense that would typically prohibit them from possessing firearms can lawfully possess firearms if their civil rights are restored by the requisite government entities. * Using fake driver’s licenses bearing fictitious names, investigators with the Government Accountability Office had a 100% success rate buying firearms in five states that met the minimum requirements of the federal background check system.  A 2001 report of this investigation states that the federal background check system “does not positively identify purchasers of firearms,” and thus, people using fake IDs are not flagged by the system. provide a venue for the sale and exchange of firearms by federal firearms licensees (FFLs). Such shows also are a venue for private sellers who buy and sell firearms for their personal collections or as a hobby.
In these situations, the sellers are not required to have a federal firearms license.
The law also specified that such handguns had to be re-registered every two years or owners would forfeit their right to possess them.
In 1994, the law was amended to require annual re-registration. * In the wake of Chicago’s handgun ban, at least five suburbs surrounding Chicago instituted similar handgun bans.